2018-2019 LATEST SOLAR POWER GENERATION PROJECTS


At TECHNOFIST we provide academic projects based on SOLAR POWER GENERATION with latest papers implementation. Below mentioned are the 2018 list and abstracts on Android domain. For synopsis and IEEE papers please visit our head office and get registered.
OUR COMPANY VALUES : Instead of Quantity we prefer Quality, commitment and success.
OUR CUSTOMERS are delighted with the business benefits of the Technofist engineering solutions.

2018-2019 LATEST SOLAR AND POWER GENERATION BASED PROJECT TITLES

  • Solar energy generation is one of fastest growing and most promising renewable energy sources of power generation worldwide. The power is generated from Solar Panel, Further this Power is stored in Battery. This category consists of Solar generation 2018-2019 project list with abstract/synopsis.Here we provide latest collection of topics developed using latest designs and concepts. Latest solar and power generation concepts for Diploma, Engineering students.

IEEE 2018-2019 Solar power generation project list for BE/Diploma/M.TECH in Bangalore.

TSP01
FOOT STEP POWER GENERATION.

ABSTRACT - This project attempts to show how energy can be tapped and used at a commonly used system, the generation of electricity through the Foot Step mechanism. Generation of electricity through the Foot Step power generator mechanism is one of the most recent power generation concepts. This device converts the kinetic energy of the human foot steps into electric energy by installing foot step power generators at footpaths, it takes the stroke motion of the foot and converts it to the rotary motion by rack and pinion mechanism and it generates the electricity. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP02
HELICLE WIND TURBINE.

ABSTRACT - So many power generator available in our country to generate the power here we design a model which is generating a power from natural claimatation .In our country the power problem is increasing day by day due to lake of rain water To avoid the power problem in our country the hybrid power generator are used to generate power throughout the day and night. Aluminum sheets, dc generator and mild steel angles are used. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP03
HUMP POWER GENERATION.

ABSTRACT - This project attempts to show how energy can be tapped and used at a commonly used system, the generation of electricity through the speed breaker mechanism. Generation of electricity through the speed breaker mechanism is one of the most recent power generation concepts. This device converts the kinetic energy of the vehicles into electric energy by installing movable speed breaker on the road, it takes the stroke motion of the vehicles and converts it to the rotary motion by rack and pinion mechanism and it generates the electricity. This project also explains clearly, the working principle of the designed system, its practical implementation, and its advantages. The components have been fabricated and assembled. Practical testing of the system has been done with different loads at different speeds. The utilization of energy is an indication of the growth of a nation. One might conclude that to be materially rich and prosperous, a human being needs to consume more and more energy. And this project is best source of energy that we get in day to day life . Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP04
EFFICIENT HYBRID POWER GENERATOR AND MULTI PURPOSE UTILIZATION (WITH SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM AND PANEL CLEANING MECHANISM).

ABSTRACT - This project consists of solar power and Wind mill generator .Solar tracking system is attached to the model, using which the panel’s will be tilted according to the sun movement to utilize efficient energy. The wind mill generates voltage during day and night time when wind is available .This is a prototype and we can produce 12v always and charge the 12v, 2.7.AHC battery through we can use for lighting purpose .Three hours is required to charge the battery (full charge). Consequently, in this project an attempt is made to make the electric and mechanical systems share their powers in an efficient way. And a panel cleaning mechanism will be installed, which automatically cleans the panels everyday when the solar panel reached the middle position. That is, a DC motor with duster arrangement will swipe the solar panels once the light detecting resistor generates the signal in the afternoon. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP05
REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEM.

ABSTRACT - Vehicles driven by electric motors use the motor as a generator when using regenerative braking: it is operated as a generator during braking and its output is supplied to an electrical load; the transfer of energy to the load provides the braking effect. Regenerative braking is used on hybrid gas/electric automobiles to recoup some of the energy lost during stopping. This energy is saved in a storage battery and used later to power the motor whenever the car is in electric mode. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP06
SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM WITH PANEL CLEANING MECHANISM.

ABSTRACT - In this project we are acquiring the data from the light intensity senses. Which are then fed to the comparators, and then they are fed to the Microcontroller. The software is developed in the Microcontroller such that It collects the data from the comparators and then drives the DC motor either in the clock wise or in the anti clock wise direction. Here, depending on the light that falls on both the sensors, there will be a slight potential difference and this causes the Microcontroller to drive the DC motor till both the sensors gets the same light intensity and at this point of time the motor stops and thus indicates the correct location required by the software. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP07
FABRICATION OF VERTICLE AND HORIZONTAL AXIS WIND MILL.

ABSTRACT - Wind turbines are machines that generate electricity from the kinetic energy of the wind. In history, they were more frequently used as a mechanical device that turned machinery. Today, turbines can be used to generate large amounts of electrical energy in wind farms both onshore and offshore.. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP08
POWER GENERATION USING BICYCLE.

ABSTRACT - All we know about bicycle generator, where a small dc generator is attached to one of the wheel (generally back wheel) of the bicycle. When the bicycle is running, the rotor of the generator which is attached to the wheel of the cycle, also rotates and due to this an emf is generated across the output terminals of the generator. This emf is then generally used for lighting the head-light of the bicycle The bicycle generator is relatively small and a small torque is required to make rotation of its rotor. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP09
GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY THROUGH SPEED BREAKER MECHANISM.

ABSTRACT - The project is concerned with generation of electricity from speed breakers-like set up. The load acted upon the speed breaker -setup is there by transmitted to rack and pinion arrangements. Here the reciprocating motion of the speed-breaker is converted into rotary motion using the rack and pinion arrangement. The axis of the pinion is coupled with the Stepper Motor. The stepper motor works as a dynamo. When the stepper motor coupled to pinion rotates in clockwise or antilock wise direction, the kinetic energy is converted into electrical energy. The generator produces the DC current. This DC current now sent to the storage battery where it is stored during the day time. This current is then utilized in the night time for lighting purposes on the either sides of the road to a considerable distance. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP10
EFFICIENT HYBRID POWER GENERATOR AND MULTI PURPOSE UTILIZATION (WITH SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM AND PANEL CLEANING MECHANISM).

ABSTRACT - This project consists of solar power and Wind mill generator. Solar tracking system is attached to the model, using which the panel’s will be tilted according to the sun movement to utilize efficient energy. The wind mill generates voltage during day and night time when wind is available .This is a prototype and we can produce 12v always and charge the 12v, 2.7.AHC battery through we can use for lighting purpose .Three hours is required to charge the battery (full charge). And a panel cleaning mechanism will be installed, which automatically cleans the panels everyday when the solar panel reached the middle position. That is, a DC motor with dfuster arrangement will swipe the solar panels once the light detecting resistor generates the signal in the afternoon. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP11
FABRICATION OF SOLAR OPERATED SPRAYER.

ABSTRACT - Solar pesticide sprayer can give less tariff or price in effective spraying. Solar energy is absorbed by the solar panel which contains photovoltaic cells. The conversion of the solar energy into electrical energy is done by these cells. This converted energy utilizes to store the voltage in the DC battery and that battery further used for driving the spray pump. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP12
STAIR CASE POWER GENERATION.

ABSTRACT - The project is concerned with generation of electricity from STAIR CASE - like set up. The load acted upon the Foot Step power generator -setup is there by transmitted to rack and pinion arrangements. Here the reciprocating motion of the Foot - Step is converted into rotary motion using the rack and pinion arrangement. The axis of the pinion is coupled with the Stepper Motor. The stepper motor works as a dynamo. When the stepper motor coupled to pinion rotates in clockwise or antilock wise direction, the kinetic energy is converted into electrical energy. Contact:
+91-9008169572
 +91-9008001602
 080-40969981

TSP13 FABRICATION OF BIOGAS DIGESTER ABSTRACT
TSP14 FABRICATION OF FOOT STEP POWER GENERATION MECHANISM ABSTRACT
TSP15 FABRICATION OF GYM POWER GENERATOR ABSTRACT
TSP16 FABRICATION OF GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY THROUGH SPEED BREAKER MECHANISM USING HYDRAULICS ABSTRACT
TSP17 FABRICATION OF HYBRID POWER GENERATOR (SOLAR AND WIND) ABSTRACT
TSP18 FABRICATION OF EFFICIENT HYBRID POWER GENERATOR AND MULTI PURPOSE UTILIZATION ( WITH SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM AND PANEL CLEANING MECHANISM ) ABSTRACT
TSP19 FABRICATION OF HYBRID POWER GENERATOR ( WITH SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM ) ABSTRACT
TSP20 FABRICATION OF HARNESSING WIND ENERGY USING TRAIN ABSTRACT
TSP21 GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY USING A TREADMILL ABSTRACT
TSP22 FABRICATION OF UNIVERSAL POWER GENERATOR : MULTI SEASONAL ABSTRACT
TSP23 GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY THROUGH SPEED BREAKER MECHANISM USING HYDRAULICS ABSTRACT
TSP24 FABRICATION OF SMART DESIGN BASED HYDRO POWER GENERATOR ABSTRACT
TSP25 FABRICATION OF DOMESTIC WIND MILL ABSTRACT
TSP26 WIND POWER UTILIZATION FOR CAR ANNUNCIATOR ABSTRACT
TSP27 FABRICATION OF PUSH OPERATED SPRAY PUMP , MECHANICAL FABRICATION PROJECT ABSTRACT
TSP28 FABRICATION OF SMART WINDOWS ABSTRACT
TSP29 FABRICATION OF SOLAR BASED CUTTING GRINDING MACHINE ABSTRACT
TSP30 FABRICATION OF SOLAR OPERATED DRILL MACHINE ABSTRACT
TSP31 FABRICATION OF SOLAR OPERATED GRASS CUTTER ABSTRACT
TSP32 FABRICATION OF SOLAR OPERATED GRINDING MACHINE ABSTRACT
TSP33 FABRICATION OF SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM WITH WATER PUMP ABSTRACT
CONTACT US

CONTACT US

For more information and full ABSTRACT

+91 9008001602


technofist.projects@gmail.com

Technofist provides latest 2018 – 2019 SOLAR POWER GENERATION Projects for final year engineering students in Bangalore | India, SOLAR POWER GENERATION Based Projects with latest concepts are available for final year ece / eee / cse / ise / telecom students , latest 2018 titles and abstracts based on SOLAR POWER GENERATION Projects for engineering Students, latest ieee based SOLAR POWER GENERATION project concepts, new ideas on SOLAR POWER GENERATION Projects, SOLAR POWER GENERATION Based Projects for MECHCANICAL, SOLAR POWER GENERATION based Embedded Projects, SOLAR POWER GENERATION 2018-2019 latest projects, final year SOLAR POWER GENERATION based project for be students, final year SOLAR POWER GENERATION projects, SOLAR POWER GENERATION training for final year students, real time SOLAR POWER GENERATION based projects, embedded IEEE projects on SOLAR POWER GENERATION, innovative projects on SOLAR POWER GENERATION with classes, lab practice and documentation support.

SOLAR & POWER GENERATION PROJECT CONCEPTS

Solar Power

Is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), indirectly using concentrated solar power, or a combination. Concentrated solar power systems use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. Photovoltaic cells convert light into an electric current using the photovoltaic effect.

Photovoltaics

Main article: Photovoltaics

Schematics of a grid-connected residential PV power system

A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell (PV), is a device that converts light into electric current using the photovoltaic effect. The first solar cell was constructed by Charles Frits in the 1880s. The German industrialist Ernst Werner von Siemens was among those who recognized the importance of this discovery.
In 1931, the German engineer Bruno Lange developed a photo cell using silver selenide in place of copper oxide although the prototype selenium cells converted less than 1% of incident light into electricity. Following the work of Russell Ohl in the 1940s, researchers Gerald Pearson, Calvin Fuller and Daryl Chapin created the silicon solar cell in 1954. early solar cells cost 286 USD/watt and reached efficiencies of 4.5–6%.

Hybrid renewable energy system

(HRES) are becoming popular as stand-alone power systems for providing electricity in remote areas due to advances in renewable energy technologies and subsequent rise in prices of petroleum products. A hybrid energy system, or hybrid power, usually consists of two or more renewable energy sources used together to provide increased system efficiency as well as greater balance in energy supply.

Completely Renewable Idea

Completely Renewable Hybrid Power Plant (solar, wind, biomass, hydrogen) A hybrid power plant consisting of these four renewable energy sources can be made into operation by proper utilization of these resources in a completely controlled manner. Hybrid Energy Europe-USA. Caffese in Europe introduce hybridizing HVDC transmission with Marine hydro pumped Energy Storage via elpipes.
The project of Caffese is 3 marine big lakes producing 1800 GW and transmission with elpipes. A part 1200 GW produce water fuels-wind fuels-solar fuels 210 billion liter year. (IEEE Power and Engineering Society-General Meeting Feb.9.2011,Arpa-E,Doe USA,MSE Italy,European Commission-Energy-Caffese plan and Consortium)

Biomass-wind-fuel cell

Let us consider a load of 100% power supply and there is no renewable system to fulfill this need, so two or more renewable energy system can be combined.
For example, 60% from a biomass system, 20% from wind system and the remainder from fuel cells. Thus combining all these renewable energy systems may provide 100% of the power and energy requirements for the load, such as a home or business.

Drawbacks

Most of us already know how a solar/wind/biomass power generating system works, all these generating systems have some or the other drawbacks, like Solar panels are too costly and the production cost of power by using them is generally higher than the conventional process, it is not available in the night or cloudy days.
Similarly Wind turbines can’t operate in high or low wind speeds and Biomass plant collapses at low temperatures.

How to Overcome?

So if all the three are combined into one hybrid power generating system the drawbacks can be avoided partially/completely, depending on the control units. As the one or more drawbacks can be overcome by the other, as in northern hemisphere it is generally seen that in windy days the solar power is limited and vice versa and in summer and rainy season the biomass plant can operate in a full flagged so the power generation can be maintained in the above stated condition. The cost of solar panel can be subsided by using glass lenses, mirrors to heat up a fluid, that can rotate the common turbine used by wind and other sources.

Now the question arises what about the winter nights or cloudy winter days with very low wind speeds. Here comes the activity of the Hydrogen. As we know the process of electrolysis can produce hydrogen by breaking water into hydrogen and oxygen, it can be stored; hydrogen is also a good fuel and burns with oxygen to give water. Hydrogen can be used to maintain the temperature of the biomass reservoir in winter so that it can produce biogas in optimum amount for the power generation.

As stated above biogas is a good source in summer; in this period the solar energy available is also at its peak, so if the demand and supply is properly checked and calculated the excess energy can be used in the production of hydrogen and can be stored. In sunny, windy &hot day, the turbine operates with full speed as the supply is maximum, and this excess power can be consumed for the process of manufacturing hydrogen. In winter, the power consumption is also low so the supply limit is low, and obtained with lesser consumption. Driving hybrid cars will disable this outcome.

Thermal plant


We have seen in the previous section that to generate voltage at 50 Hz we have to run the generator at some fixed rpm by some external agency. A turbine is used to rotate the generator. Turbine may be of two types, namely steam turbine and water turbine. In a thermal power station coal is burnt to produce steam which in turn, drives the steam turbine hence the generator (turbo set). The elementary features of a thermal power plant is shown. In a thermal power plant coil is burnt to produce high temperature and high pressure steam in a boiler. The steam is passed through a steam turbine to produce rotational motion. The generator, mechanically coupled to the turbine, thus rotates producing electricity. Chemical energy stored in coal after a couple of transformations produces electrical energy at the generator terminals as depicted in the figure. Thus proximity of a generating station nearer to a coal reserve and water sources will be most economical as the cost of transporting coal gets reduced. In our country coal is available in abundance and naturally thermal power plants are most popular. However, these plants pollute the atmosphere because of burning of coals. Boiler Turbine Generator Steam in 3-phase A.C Electric power Condenser Water Steam Feed out pump Chemical energy in coal Heat energy in steam Mechanical energy in turbine Electrical energy Basic components of a thermal generating unit. Coal Stringent conditions (such as use of more chimney heights along with the compulsory use of electrostatic precipitator) are put by regulatory authorities to see that the effects of pollution is minimized. A large amount of ash is produced every day in a thermal plant and effective handling of the ash adds to the running cost of the plant. Nonetheless 57% of the generation in out country is from thermal plants. The speed of alternator used in thermal plants is 3000 rpm which means 2-pole alternators are used in such plants

hydel plants

In a hydel power station, water head is used to drive water turbine coupled to the generator. Water head may be available in hilly region naturally in the form of water reservoir (lakes etc.) at the hill tops. The potential energy of water can be used to drive the turbo generator set installed at the base of the hills through piping called pen stock. Water head may also be created artificially by constructing dams on a suitable river. In contrast to a thermal plant, hydel power plants are eco-friendly, neat and clean as no fuel is to be burnt to produce electricity. While running cost of such plants are low, the initial installation cost is rather high compared to a thermal plants due to massive civil construction necessary. Also sites to be selected for such plants depend upon natural availability of water reservoirs at hill tops or availability of suitable Version 2 EE IIT, Kharagpur rivers for constructing dams. Water turbines generally operate at low rpm, so number of poles of the alternator are high. For example a 20-pole alternator the rpm of the turbine is only 300 rpm. Discharge of water in down stream Generator Up stream water level 3-phase A.C Electric power Water head H Dam Water Turbine Potential energy of water Kinetic energy Electrical energy Basic components of a hydel generating unit.

Non conventional

sources of energy The bulk generation of power by thermal, hydel and nuclear plants are called conventional methods for producing electricity. Search for newer avenues for harnessing eco friendly electrical power has already begun to meet the future challenges of meeting growing power demand. Compared to conventional methods, the capacity in terms of MW of each nonconventional plant is rather low, but most of them are eco friendly and self sustainable. Wind power, solar power, MHD generation, fuel cell and power from tidal waves are some of the promising alternative sources of energy for the future.

transmission of power

The huge amount of power generated in a power station (hundreds of MW) is to be transported over a long distance (hundreds of kilometers) to load centers to cater power to consumers with the help of transmission line and transmission towers as shown in figure To give an idea, let us consider a generating station producing 120 MW power and we want to transmit it over a large distance.

Let the voltage generated (line to line) at the alternator be 10 kV. Then to transmit 120 MW of power at 10 kV, current in the transmission line can be easily calculated by using power formula circuit (which you will learn in the lesson on A.C circuit analysis) for 3-phases follows: I = 3 L P V cos θ where cos θ is the power factor = 6 3 120×10 3×10×10 ×0.8 ∴ I = 8660 A Instead of choosing 10 kV transmission voltage, if transmission voltage were chosen to be 400 kV, current value in the line would have been only 261.5 A. So sectional area of the transmission line (copper conductor) will now be much smaller compared to 10 kV transmission voltage.

In other words the cost of conductor will be greatly reduced if power is transmitted at higher and higher transmission voltage. The use of higher voltage (hence lower current in the line) reduces voltage drop in the line resistance and reactance. Also transmission losses is reduced. Standard transmission voltages used are 132 kV or 220 kV or 400 kV or 765 kV depending upon how long the transmission lines are. Therefore, after the generator we must have a step up transformer to change the generated voltage (say 10 kV) to desired transmission voltage (say 400 kV) before transmitting it over a long distance with the help of transmission lines supported at regular intervals by transmission towers. It should be noted that while magnitude of current decides the cost of copper, level of voltage decides the cost of insulators. The idea is, in a spree to reduce the cost of copper one can not indefinitely increase the level of transmission voltage as cost of insulators will offset the reduction copper cost.

At the load centers voltage level should be brought down at suitable values for supplying different types of consumers. Consumers may be (1) big industries, such as steel plants, (2) medium and small industries and (3) offices and domestic consumers. Electricity is purchased by different consumers at different voltage level. For example big industries may purchase power at 132 kV, medium and big industries purchase power at 33 kV or 11 kV and domestic consumers at rather low voltage of 230V, single phase. Thus we see that 400 kV transmission voltage is to be brought down to different voltage levels before finally delivering power to different consumers. To do this we require obviously step down transformers.

ACADEMIC PROJECTS GALLERY